Liu zhaoshao, former assistant general manager of Guoyuan: promote the development and progress of the power market with new ideas
over the past 40 years, China's power industry has made great achievements. Behind the development and change, the reform has played a driving role and is the endogenous driving force for the development of the power industry. A few days ago, I interviewed Liu zhaoshao, the former assistant general manager of State Grid Corporation. He witnessed the development of electricity from weak to strong, and was also a participant in the reform of the power system
the development of electricity is changing with each passing day
Liu zhaoshao said that in the 1960s and 1970s, China built some large-scale power stations, including Liujiaxia hydropower station. Sufficient electricity makes people who have suffered from lack of electricity happy. In addition to being happy, power workers began to worry about the output of electric energy - due to the backward transmission technology, a large amount of surplus electric energy could not be sent out
in 1972, China's first 330 kV transmission line was completed in Gansu, and then the northwest 330 kV main frame was formed in Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai and Ningxia
since the 1980s, the development of electricity has made important progress. Liu zhaoshao introduced that the electricity in several major areas with 500 kV lines as the main dry frame has basically taken shape. By the end of the 1980s, the 500 kV power grid had been basically formed, and the northwest region had developed into a Northwest Power Grid with 330 kV lines as the backbone, covering the four provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai and Ningxia. However, in the late 1990s, with the development of the power industry, the northwest 330 kV line corridor became tense
after the 16th CPC National Congress was held in 2002, the implementation of the western development strategy was further accelerated, which effectively promoted the construction of 750 kV power in the northwest. In 2003, the company determined the Northwest 750 kV power transmission and transformation project as a demonstration project. On September 19, China's first 750 kV power transmission and transformation project started, and the builders spent two years to complete the project. Liu zhaoshao believes that this is a miracle in the history of China's power industryLooking back on the process of power system reform, Liu zhaoshao said that in the 1980s, all walks of life fully recognized that development was the last word, and everyone was very motivated to work together for development
in the first stage, in order to solve the serious shortage of electricity, mobilize the enthusiasm of all sectors of society to invest in electricity. In 1985, the "Interim Provisions on encouraging fund-raising and the implementation of multiple electricity prices" was issued, allowing and encouraging multiple power companies and multi-channel fund-raising, breaking the situation of exclusive power
in the second stage, from 1997 to 2000, the Ministry of electric power evolved into the national electric power company, which was established in 1997 and abolished in 1998. The state power corporation undertakes the important task of assisting the State Economic and Trade Commission to continue to promote the reform of the power industry. Soon, the State Economic and Trade Commission passed the "implementation plan framework for implementing the separation of power plants and establishing the generation side power market (Trial)". Subsequently, the pilot work was carried out in Shanghai, Zhejiang, Shandong, Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang. At the same time, the work of establishing provincial power companies with "provinces as entities" is in full swing, and the three northeastern provinces took the lead in establishing provincial companies
the third stage is from 2002 to 2015. In 2002, the State Council issued the "power system reform plan", which proposed "separation of power plants, separation of main and auxiliary power, separation of transmission and distribution, and bidding". The arbitration thickness of two type I and type II samples was 4mm, including power companies, five power generation group companies and four auxiliary industry group companies. In 2003, the State Electricity Regulatory Commission was established to promulgate regulations on electricity regulation, and gradually implement the formation mechanism and management principles of electricity prices for generation, transmission, distribution and sale
Liu zhaoshao said that the company has always attached great importance to the reform of the power system since its establishment. In the second half of 2006, the company became a three-dimensional office. He believes that no country in the world has exactly the same power management model. In studying the reform of the power system, we should study it in combination with China's national conditions and the needs of deepening the reform of the power system, as well as the stages and characteristics of market development and the development law of the power industry
participate in the reform with a more open mind
Liu zhaoshao believes that any reform is not ideal, it is constantly adjusted and improved with the changes of history, and the reform is a process of continuous deepening
in 2015, the No. 9 document of power system reform was issued. Liu zhaoshao said, "the background of this deepening reform is very special. In June 2014, the sixth meeting of the central leading group for finance and economics was held, which emphasized promoting the revolution of energy consumption, energy supply, energy technology and energy system, and strengthening international cooperation in an all-round way by Assistant Professor Peng Xinshu of Fengjia University, further pointing out the direction for China's energy development and reform."
at the beginning of this year, the company proposed to build a world-class energy interconnection enterprise with excellent competitiveness, and put forward higher requirements for the high-quality development of electricity and the company, promoting the transformation and upgrading of energy, participating in the reform of the power system and the reform of state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises. Liu zhaoshao said that we should think about how to play a good role in the energy revolution? How to deal with the market? We have professional advantages, economic advantages and strategic advantages. How can we turn our advantages into competitiveness, so as to carry out persuasive competition in the market
"establishing new ideas" is Liu zhaoshao's thinking, "To reflect our advantages, we should readjust the position of the knob, combine the concept of universal social service with market competition, take an open and inclusive attitude towards other social competitors, and use our advantages in all aspects to create typical experience for the country and drive market progress. Through the services we provide, we can improve customers' favor for Jinan assay itself. We should not only be competitors, but also become creators and create experience for other competitors in the society, Cultivate markets for the country. Reform requires a positive, responsible and serious attitude, but also innovative measures, create experience for the market with new ideas, and strive to translate the development strategy of the new era company into action and practice, so as to promote the development and progress of the power market. "