The hottest China should seek a new rise in the lo

2022-07-29
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China should seek a new rise in the low-carbon era. Although the global efforts and processes to deal with climate change are full of ups and downs, reducing carbon emissions and saving the earth's common home are still the basic consensus of all countries. Developing a low-carbon economy is becoming an irreversible trend of the times in the world's economic and social transformation

we have reason to expect that the rise of low-carbon economy in the world will create a cleaner, green, blue and harmonious new era. Its far-reaching impact will surpass the changes brought about by the invention of steam engine, electricity and interconnection, and make human development move forward from industrial civilization to ecological civilization

low carbon economy will lead the world economic recovery.

at present, the world economy with a depth of no less than 30cm is struggling to recover from the recession caused by the global financial crisis. Historical experience has proved that any crisis will hasten an epoch-making technological change and lead to recovery under the guidance of new technology and new economy. After the first energy crisis broke out in 1974, Japan vigorously developed the electronic industry and fuel-efficient automobile industry, and the automobile sales exceeded that of the United States in 1980; After the second energy crisis in 1990, the United States began to vigorously develop the Internet, leading to the rise of the global network economy. In the face of the global financial crisis and the threat of climate warming, all countries are required to combine their efforts to promote economic recovery with their efforts to deal with climate change, and make green recovery and green development a strategic priority. The innovation of low-carbon technology and clean energy, as well as the resulting increase in investment and employment, will become a new engine to pull the world economy out of this crisis

the reason why low-carbon economy can become a new engine to drive economic growth is that low-carbon economy covers a wide range of industries and has a strong industrial cluster effect and driving effect. The expansion of industrial extension and optimization of industrial structure brought about by the development of low-carbon economy will drive the expansion of economic aggregate and the adjustment of economic structure, and strongly support economic recovery. Reducing and controlling carbon emissions involves a wide range of industries, including low-carbon energy, low-carbon technology and low-carbon industrial system. Low applicable materials: carbon energy such as metal, non-metal and parts refers to the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions through the development of clean energy, including wind energy, solar energy, nuclear energy, low thermal energy, biomass energy and other alternative fossil energy such as coal and oil. Low carbon technologies include clean coal technology and carbon dioxide capture and storage technology. The low-carbon industrial system includes industrial energy conservation and emission reduction, thermal power emission reduction, new energy vehicles, energy-saving buildings, circular economy, resource recovery, environmental protection equipment, energy-saving materials, etc. In the process of economic transformation from "high carbon" to "low carbon", a large number of new technologies should be used. The application of these new technologies will not only realize the transformation, upgrading and upgrading of traditional industries, but also give birth to a large number of emerging industries and industries that provide support or services for these industries, forming new economic growth points

low carbon economy has high requirements for technological innovation and capital investment, and requires a lot of investment. In order to meet the energy conservation and emission reduction targets, enterprises must eliminate backward equipment and technologies, which requires enterprises to continuously increase investment in new technologies and equipment. In order to promote low-carbon economy, the government will also vigorously increase investment in the development and application of low-carbon technologies. This sustained and large-scale investment can be measured and controlled according to any preset mode through the multiplier effect, which will provide a continuous driving force for economic growth

the development of low-carbon economy will also change people's consumption habits. Low carbon economy requires people to change the traditional consumption mode at the cost of a large amount of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, so as to achieve green consumption and accelerate the upgrading of consumer goods. Along with the change of people's consumption concept and consumption mode, it will also give birth to new consumption demands, such as new energy vehicles, green homes, etc. these new consumption demands will also become a new economic growth point in the low-carbon era

raising the development of low-carbon economy to the national strategic level

China's development of low-carbon economy is not only a reflection of coping with global warming and assuming the responsibility of a big country, but also an inevitable choice to solve its own energy bottleneck, eliminate environmental pollution, improve the industrial structure, change the mode of economic growth and achieve sustainable development

with the advent of the low-carbon era, low-carbon core technology and low-carbon economic development capacity will be the embodiment of the core competitiveness of a country, a region and an enterprise, and will also be the strategic focus of future international competition. Europe, the United States, Japan and other developed countries have launched the "Green New Deal" one after another. Its strategic motivation is to seize the commanding height of national economic competitiveness and the dominant power of future global competition, and use its leading position in low-carbon technology to seek new competitive advantages. As US President Barack Obama said, who controls clean and renewable energy will dominate the 21st century

developing low-carbon economy is not only a great challenge for China to promote the integration of various related resource wars, but also a major opportunity. Historical experience has proved that when a new economic model emerges, it is also an opportunity for major adjustment of the world competition pattern. For example, China has seized the opportunity brought by the information revolution and made great achievements in the field of information technology and network economic development. The green revolution provides a rare historical opportunity for China to compete with developed countries on the new economic arena. In the face of the world trend of developing a low-carbon economy, we must seize the opportunities of the times, actively meet the challenges, and strive to achieve beyond development in this new round of technological revolution. To this end, the national decision-making level must be forward-looking wisdom, raise the development of low-carbon economy to the height of national strategy, accelerate the promotion of China's independent innovation of low-carbon technology, seize the opportunity of green competition, improve China's position in the future international competition and the world economic landscape, and seek a new rise in the low-carbon era

first of all, from the perspective of implementing the scientific concept of development and enhancing the country's future core economic competitiveness, we should pay close attention to formulating China's long-term strategy and short-term development plan for low-carbon economy from the perspective of national strategy. Under the principle of "common but differentiated", we should make overall plans for both international and domestic situations, closely combine China's economic development needs, basic conditions and scientific and technological level, strengthen government leadership, mobilize the overall strength of the country, vigorously promote the promotion and application of energy conservation and emission reduction, clean energy and low-carbon technologies through comprehensive supporting policies and measures such as finance, taxation, finance and science and technology, and incorporate low-carbon goals into economic and social development plans

secondly, we should firmly grasp the core of independent scientific and technological innovation and strive to achieve leading edge in core technologies and cutting-edge processes in the low-carbon field. To develop a low-carbon economy, we must firmly grasp the key of core technology and independent innovation, and seize the leading position of Low-carbon Science and technology. The state should increase investment and support in low-carbon technology research and development, set up a special innovation fund, strengthen industry university research cooperation, mobilize positive factors from universities, scientific research institutions and enterprises, focus on superior scientific and technological forces, stand at the forefront of international technology, organize and implement major scientific and technological research and demonstration projects, and enhance the ability of independent innovation

third, actively cultivate several strategic emerging industries of low-carbon economy. Formulate industrial development policies, increase government investment, combine policy incentives with enterprises' own development momentum through interest compensation mechanisms such as subsidies, subsidies and tax incentives, vigorously support industries such as energy conservation and emission reduction, clean energy, circular economy and ecological environmental protection, actively support large backbone enterprises in low-carbon industries, enhance their independent innovation ability and international competitiveness, and actively implement industrialization projects, Accelerate the transformation and utilization of mature technologies and processes, improve the competitiveness of energy conservation and emission reduction and low-carbon technologies and products in China's key industries, and occupy the commanding heights of International Low-carbon industries

fourth, accelerate the construction of a green financial system. Finance is the blood of economy, and the development of low-carbon economy cannot be separated from the strong support of finance. We must build a green financial system that adapts to the development of low-carbon economy as soon as possible. At present, it is necessary to further promote the "green credit" system, and encourage commercial banks to provide credit support for energy conservation and emission reduction, scientific and technological innovation and environmental protection projects and enterprises through regulatory measures and relevant preferential policies. At the same time, accelerate the establishment of China's carbon finance system, actively participate in international carbon finance cooperation and innovation, cultivate China's carbon trading market, strive for the initiative in the global carbon finance game, and safeguard national interests

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